NRC is the National Register of Citizens.
The NRC identifies illegal immigrants from Assam on the order of the Supreme Court. It is being implemented as a state-specific exercise to keep its ethnic uniqueness unaltered. But since its implementation, demand for its implementation growing nationwide. Now, most of the top BJP leaders, including Home Minister Amit Shah, have proposed that the NRC i.e. National register Of Citizens in Assam is going to be implemented across India. It is effectively bringing in legislation soon so that it will enable the government to identify infiltrators who have been living in India illegally, detain & deport them to the place where they came from.
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The proposed Bill, which is just a proposal yet, if implemented nationwide, it will target the illegal immigrants living in India. But religions like Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhist, Parsis and Jains coming from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh won’t be affected, if they claimed that they have arrived India after fleeing religious persecution which means, if an NRC comes in nationwide as proposed then any illegal immigrant living from other than Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, will be affected along with people coming from there who belongs to Muslim community will also be affected as they are not included in the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).
What Will Happen To The Affected People?
As proposed by the government, if NRC comes place nationwide, the affected population will be detained and taken to the detention centers, as it is going on in Assam nowadays. The Ministry of External Affairs will get in touch with the concern nations once the process is complete in Assam. Deportations of the population happen if the details of the detained members match and accept by the concern nations. If not, then delayed or deported people in a camp, would be entitled as non-citizens of India officially. As of now, there has been no fixed policy for “stateless” persons in India. The only aspect that is more or less clear yet is that a “stateless” person will not have any further voting rights. As of now, nothing is clear about their rights to housing, government healthcare, work, and education. And in India, being “stateless” is not the same as being a refugee. At present, the country has refugees from West Pakistan, Sri Lanka (Tamils), and Tibet.
Whether NRC will come in place nationwide or not is a premature question to answer.